“Representatives of around 200 nationalities have lived in peace and harmony in Russia since ancient times. Roughly 50 of them are small-numbered peoples. The unique diversity of their customs, languages, and traditions is an invaluable shared asset that we are sincerely proud of and cherish. Of course, the peoples of the North, Siberia, and the Far East occupy a special place in this incredible palette.
“These are some of the most beautiful and truly unique territories, where Indigenous People have lived as one with nature, their unique culture, and ancient customs for centuries.
“These territories, without exaggeration, are of strategic importance for our country, and their development is directly related to solving the long-term tasks of developing the country and its competitiveness on global markets. Our goal is to ensure sustainable development, which involves the creation of modern infrastructure, the development of resources and an industrial base, improving the quality of life of Indigenous Peoples, and preserving their original culture and traditions.
“The government’s caring attitude towards the guardians of the northern land and its bedrocks is one of the main conditions for the harmonious development of our country and the further development of its vast expanses and natural resources.
“The well-being of Indigenous Peoples and improvements to their living standards largely depend on us taking care of the ecological system, the extremely rich natural resources of the northern regions, and being respectful of the traditions of the Indigenous Population. For this reason, issues concerning the protection of the rights and interests of small-numbered peoples living on the territory of our country are among the priorities of the state’s policy.”
The House of Indigenous Peoples Pavilion will be presented at the Far East Street Exhibition for the first time. It is dedicated to the culture of the Indigenous peoples of Russia. Numerous events will take place at the House, including the ‘Creative Industries Forum. Sociocultural Development of the Northern Regions’. The forum events include: ‘Taming the Cold: Technologies for Life in the North’, ‘Snow House: Special Features of the Environment of Northern Cities’, ‘Russian Arctic Style’, ‘People: The Creative Potential of the North’, ‘Gastronomy of the Arctic, Siberia, and the Far East’ and numerous others. Leaders of the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North will take part in the events at the House of Indigenous Peoples, and roundtables are planned on the traditional economy of Indigenous peoples. The cultural programme will feature a photo exhibition by the winners of the Northern Eye contest as well as the Children of the Arctic photo exhibition. Guests will have an opportunity to take part in master classes on the artistic processing of bones, horns, and walrus tusks, and the manufacturing of national toys. They will also be able to make products from fish skin and deer fur or learn the national dances of the northern peoples. In addition, visitors to the pavilion will have a chance to taste the unique gastronomy of the north in the lounge of the ICE BAR pavilion.
This year, as we celebrate the Forum’s 5th anniversary we have an opportunity to look back on everything that has been achieved since 2015. It was the first time when Vladivostok hosted the trendsetters from Russian and international business communities, government officials, foreign dignitaries, researchers, and experts – in other words, everyone who was prepared to cooperate with Russia and work in the Russian Far East; everyone, who was ready to launch new production facilities and develop those already in place; everyone, who aimed to create new jobs, construct roads, housing, and hospitals – namely improve the life of our Eastern territories.
The goals we set 5 years ago appeared unattainable back then. We discussed a broad range of topics: expectations and development prospects, creating new economic regimes and improving the investment climate, passing legislative initiatives and changing legal framework, putting new social infrastructure in place and helping regions reach their potential – in other words, we were talking about the future. Some were hopeful, some remained skeptical, yet there was only one thing that mattered: we were ready to act as one. And today, that future has become our present.
The President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin designated the development of the Far East as a national priority of the entire 21st century. At the behest of the President, a whole new economy is being created in the region. Large companies as well as small and medium-sized businesses can count on tax breaks, administrative preferences, concessional loans, and support from the state development institutions.
A lot has been accomplished during the last 5 years: over 40 legislative initiatives that sustain investment activity and improve the social sphere have been passed; 20 advanced special economic zones and 5 free ports have been put in place. These measures resulted in over 1,780 new investment projects worth over RUB 3.8 trillion, and 230 new enterprises appeared. The government provides targeted infrastructural and financial support to the investors. Over 70 thousand people received free land and now are building houses and farms on their ‘Far Eastern hectares’.
17 different countries invest in the Far East: China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Vietnam, to name a few. Since 2014, nearly 32% of all direct foreign investment came to our region.
The Far East itself has expanded: Zabaikalsky Krai and the Republic of Buryatia joined the Far Eastern Federal District, while the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East now oversees an additional region: the Russian Arctic Zone.
When it comes to the social sphere, the ‘Unified Subsidy’ mechanism has provided existing measures with additional stimulus. 57 centres of economic growth have received funding for the construction of schools and nurseries, hospitals as well as medical and obstetric stations, cultural centres and sports facilities. These centres are home to over 80% of Far Easterners.
A fair amount of good work has been done. Economic growth in the FEFD exceeds 4%, which is two times greater than the Russian national average. However, we are now faced with another objective: increasing economic growth in the Russian Far East to 6% per year. We also must figure out how to improve the quality of life in the Russian Far East and in the Arctic so that it exceeds the Russian national average. These objectives have been set by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.
Our goal is to make the Russian Far East more accessible to investors and comfortable for the people that live here, providing them with the confidence that their dreams will become a reality in the nearest future.
Many topics that were brought up at previous Forums ended up serving as the foundation for the development and passing of legislation, the implementation of new business support measures, and the improvement of the Far East’s social welfare. I am confident that this Forum will continue contributing to the open dialogue between businesses and authorities, experts and researchers, sociologists and demographers.
I would like to wish Forum guests and participants all the best. The Russian Far East is open for cooperation: we value each partner, every opinion and every initiative that helps develop our country!